Interverbal: Reviews of Autism Statements and Research
A critical look at science in the autism world
Friday, September 28, 2007
Woo! Happy Birthday Interverbal
Woo! Happy Birthday Interverbal
Well this blog is two years old. We are just shy of 30,000 unique visitors. Not bad for a blog that was meant to practice my writing and critical thinking skills.
So, what should we do for my birthday hmmmm….
Write a poem?
Try to do a post about some deep issue?
Make some more autism graphs?
Ah, well, you know what…. let’s just play Bingo! But this is a very special type of Bingo! This is autism woo bingo. The rules are simple. All you have to do is try to get one straight line (horizontal or vertical) filled in with chips, goldfish crackers, pennies, or whatever based on what you see in an website. Now, the rules state that it has to be on a single screen or part of the same article/post. You can’t flip around trying to win.
When you get a straight line filled out, you get to shout “Woo!”. Simple easy and fun! Huffpo articles are usually a good place to start. Good hunting!
Recently I was asked to write my philosophy of education. This is a copy of the answer to that question:
My philosophy of education can be summarized as: An effort to move a student towards as much independence as can be attained. The philosophical goal of special education that I embrace is social mobility, which is to provide students with maximum personal choice as to what their goals are, and to provide them with the training and credentials necessary to achieve this.
I hold that education should always move towards increased choices and freedoms for the student. So, while I support and utilize non-naturalistic reinforcement and non-naturalistic teaching, I temper this with Vygotsky’s scaffolding, which is the progressive removal of supports and prompts as the student demonstrates mastery of a concept. I argue that supports are only useful to the extent that they move or allow a student to obtain greater independence.
In terms of ethics I attempt to balance my support for the IEP process and safeguards, which I argue brings a good to the most people and which I consider to be an example of Mill’s Utilitarianism. I also balance this with my belief in Kant’s Deontology which holds that ends and means are equal in importance and that teaching should be done to the extent possible in a way that avoids bringing unpleasant experience to the student. To this end I advocate the use of positive reinforcement and the minimal use of aversive control, similar to what is discussed by Sidman.
I also hold that students with disabilities fall under the same protections and rights as accessed by students without disabilities the same age. I also believe that while students with disabilities may have a mix of strengths and weaknesses, that difference alone, even if it involves a significant departure from the norm does not constitute disability in and of itself.
In terms of epistemology, I assert that the universe is orderly and this order can be understood as described by Russell. I advocate the use of use of science in the attempt to understand the world including the sub-field of human behavior and learning. I also believe that overarching scientific theory progresses ad infinitum as described by Popper and that specific science moves through stages of evidence as described by Gould. I also hold that the perception of a theory in science changes as described by Kuhn and that science should not only consist of methodology, but also of logic as noted by Feyerabend.
Specifically in the field of science, I align with the radical behaviorism of Skinner. This is to say that while I look to contingencies for the cause of a behavior, I believe that to tell the whole story, we must include thoughts and feelings in our research. I also embrace and the attitude and words in which Skinner received his award as the 1972 Humanist of the Year, for: “Helping to create a less punishing world”.
I believe that teaching that is not in accord with community expectations may result in tension between the teachers and community as described by Wolf. I believe that the teaching must be aesthetically pleasing to the community and must also be seen to bring to bring benefit or have an axiological value, to the community. To this end I support organizations such as the PTA and other feedback systems.
A new study has just come out in the New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM). It was a correlational study, looking at 1047 children ages 7-10 that had complete records of immunization. The study assessed for 42 types of neuropsychological outcomes. This did not include autism which will be assessed in a different study. This study authors concluded that there is no association between neuropsychological disorders and thimerosal in vaccines.
Even before this study was released yesterday, there was publicized dissent from advocates from the idea of a mercury etiology of neuropsychological harm. One of them came from a well known advocate, Sallie Bernard, who was invited to be a collaborator in this study. It seems that she was involved in the planning of this study, but the lead author indicated that she withdrew her support after the results began to be circulated.
That is not how science works. If you have a problem with a study design then you dissent before you begin collecting data.
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